I have long been labouring under the misapprehension that the French word 'blé' was the equivalent of the English 'barley'. Having now acquired a couple of French books on bread, I thought that the time was ripe for me to prepare a translation list of flours and grains. I have added German into the equation as many of the grains in question have relevance in brewing – Germany being one of the Great Brewing Nations. Listings are under the botanical names of the various plants.
Additions/corrections/new languages are welcome – please post them as comments against this post and I'll make sure that they see their way onto the list.